Hatching one of Webster City’s Most Famous Businesses

Hatching one of Webster City’s Most Famous Businesses

Baby chicks, boy scout contests, summers on Clear Lake, travel to numerous national parks across the country: the McMurray family collection (1888-1954) – donated by Doug McMurray – captures the prosperity and influence of a prominent Webster City family.  

Iowans may have heard about the Murray McMurray Hatchery, which was established in 1917 in a back room of Webster City’s Hamilton County State Bank. Murray McMurray, who worked at his father’s bank right after college (L.A. McMurray was bank president), had a fascination with rare poultry breeds, and began selling his chicks (during banking hours) in 1917. The chirping was distracting and his father complained. The younger McMurray, however, was gaining recognition across the state for his new scientific approach to poultry breeding; he had begun to advertise in the Iowa Homestead farm magazine, and wartime orders were coming in.

Hamilton County State Bank, 1921. CC-BY-SA 4.0, FI0010855
Murray McMurray with his birds, 1918, CC-BY-SA 4.0,FI0010720
Ancona chicks, 1922. CC-BY-SA 4.0, FI0010805

When L.A. suddenly died of a heart attack three years later in 1920, the young McMurray was in line to take over the bank. Here is McMurray at age 32, the newly appointed bank president:

Murray McMurray (right), 1921. CC-BY-SA 4.0, FI0010857

He had accounts to manage, paperwork to fill out, a bank to run, while his passion project–the hatchery–was rapidly expanding. A year earlier he had purchased a house that would become the new hatchery “office” in downtown Webster City. He also hired a small staff to manage books and the chicks, and was fulfilling parcel post orders all over Iowa and Minnesota. And when the Hamilton County State Bank was closed in 1926, McMurray focused on breeding.

The McMurray photographs, now accessible through Fortepan Iowa, beautifully document the innovative work of the century-old Murray McMurray Hatchery, which distributed an increasingly diverse list poultry and game birds around the region and then the country, packing chicks in ventilated boxes and delivering them by truck and later through the postal service, via rail and then air.

Today the Murray McMurray Hatchery is a globally recognized premium breeder of rare chickens, waterfowl, turkeys, and gamebirds, carrying such specialty breeds as electric Purple Swamphens, creamy colored Peach Pied Peafowls, and riveting, blue-and-white-specked Vulturine Guinea Fowl. And of course, lots of different kinds of chickens.

An Affinity for the Great Outdoors

Beyond photos of the hatchery and many images of chicks, however, the collection contains photos documenting the full and rich life of the McMurray family. Murray fell in love with Margaret Miller (their affection is obvious in this photo of them in 1910, three years before they got married).

1910, CC-BY-SA 4.0, FI0010427

The couple met at Grinnell College circa 1910. McMurray continued to graduate from the Yale Forestry School in 1912. Married in 1913, Murray and Margaret would take many camping trips together, beginning with their honeymoon trip to Tennessee.

1913, CC-BY-SA 4.0, FI0010529

In the next two years, Margaret and McMurray traveled out west to ride horses through Glacier National Park (1914) and visited redwood forests and King’s River-Canyon in California (1915). McMurray traveled with family members or friends to Arkansas, Colorado, New York, New Jersey and Connecticut in 1915 before Margaret gave birth to their first child that same year. Travel photographs appear in every decade of the collection.

“A big glacier like snow drift on top of the Continental Divide in Colorado. We made snowballs to celebrate.” 1938. CC-BY-SA 4.0, FI0010379

 

The McMurray family cherished the outdoors, fishing, and camping; they spent weeks every summer at their cabin on Clear Lake.

Outdoor Recreation and Creative Competitions

Frequently, the McMurray’s invited Hatchery workers to Clear Lake as extensions of their family. Murray McMurray also invited a select group of boy scouts every summer–contest winners among the 50+ member Webster City boy scout troop he led. 

Webster City Boy Scouts, 1917. CC-BY-SA 4.0, FI0010675

The boy scout troop contests–and the Clear Lake vacation “prize” for the top 10-12 contest winners–became a legendary part of Webster City culture from 1913 until the 1970s. Contests included sledding, kite flying, bike racing, running, water boiling, and insect / butterfly collecting (to name a few).

The boy scouts earned points throughout the year, and the top point earners went on a Clear Lake vacation. Doug McMurray, who donated the digital scans of his family collection to Fortepan Iowa, used to participate in these contests. The sledding contest was always held on New Year’s Day on “Hospital Hill” and included speed, accuracy and distance. In 1962, Doug was using an old but fast Flexible Flyer sled, and recalls being one of the front-runners on speed and distance but being so upset when he got stuck on the side of Hospital Hill in deeper snow and lost valuable accuracy points. “It took me five more years until I won that thing,” he said.

Sled racing on “Hospital Hill,” Webster City, 1921. CC-BY-SA 4.0, FI0010747 and FI0010748

Doug also fondly remembered the water boiling contest, which he managed to win two years in a row. “You had to go out and find the wood and build the fire from scratch,” he said. “It was always a can of soapy water to handicap the boiling. Your eyes would burn, and you’d get smoke in your eyes!” 

Webster City boy scout water boiling contest, 1953. CC-BY-SA 4.0, FI0012169 and FI0012170.

The McMurray family collection (1888-1954) includes nearly 2,000 photographs. To find photos from the entire collection, follow this direct link, or search for donor “McMurray, Doug.” You can also use tags like “hatchery,” “chicken,” or “boy scouts” in Fortepan Iowa to find many photos from this collection related to those topics. A short documentary video of the McMurray’s involvement in Boy Scouts in the Webster City area and their elaborate outdoor competitions is available here: “Honor & Tradition: The McMurray Scout Troop | Webster City, Iowa.”